TAKING A WALK through the field in late fall can provide valuable information which will guide spring management decisions. Use the information below as a guide to what to look for and what it means for spring management.
Will it make it??Yes!
- This wheat will emerge under the snow over winter. But in order to have big yields, you need to be ready to “throw the book” at it in the spring.
- Weed control will be very important come spring. Dandelions or winter annuals have a huge jump on the crop. Spray with the appropriate herbicide before May 1st. For more information on weed management see www.weedpro75.com.
- This crop needs all the help it can get to tiller. Plan to apply at least half of the nitrogen on the frost in mid-March.
Small wheat with no weeds
- Check populations. Did most of the 23 seeds per foot of row make a plant? Is the stand acceptable, or did many plants drown out?
- In wet falls like we have experienced this year, wheat will survive over the tile runs but not in between. If it is apparent that this is a problem, there is still time to replant between the tile runs and save the crop.
- This crop needs help to tiller. Plan to apply at least half of the nitrogen on the frost in mid-March.
- Excellent stand and well tillered. Manage this crop for high yields.
- No early management required.
- Target higher nitrogen rates applied in the last half of April.
- Fungicide applications are part of the package.
- Weed control may be optional.
What went wrong?
- With an intermittent stand like this, check the drill. Are worn parts the problem?
- Check planting depth. Was the wheat not seeded into moisture?
- Is it a soil problem? Check pH and nutrient levels.